This article (written in French) was presented at the SSTIC symposium on the 6th June 2008.
It describes several methods to perform malware analysis, especially on Windows platforms. It focuses in detail on dynamic analysis, also called runtime analysis or sandboxing. Dynamic malware analysis consists in running malicious code on a dedicated system, configured to record all its actions to determine its behaviour. It is then possible to quickly determine the nature of the malware and decide how to respond to an incident. The article also shows how to build a simple dynamic malware analysis lab at low cost, provides details about the methodology and suggests how to go further.